Dermatol Ther. 2021 Mar;34(2):e14768.doi: 10.1111/dth.14768. Epub 2021 Feb 2. .
Systematic review of platelet-rich plasma in treating alopecia
Considering the different forms, alopecia could be a very common condition with particular therapeutic concerns; thus, recent therapies still require further assessments. Aim of this systematic review was to evaluate efficacy, safety, and therapeutic durability of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in treating various forms of alopecia. A total of 64 articles were found through a systematic search, and eight original articles were included in the study, based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. In most studies (62.5%) patients’ conditions had improved by receiving PRP therapy; these cases experienced an increase in growth and thickness of hair. Simultaneous use of PRP and Minoxidil demonstrated the highest rate of improvement and satisfaction. The highest efficacy in patients with alopecia areata was 76% and the lowest efficacy was 31.7% and in patients with androgenetic alopecia the highest efficacy was 42.75% and the lowest reported efficacy was 25.55%. The main side effect was pain due to PRP injection, which disappeared after ending the treatment and only one article reported more serious side effects. Recurrence after treatment was also reported in only one article. PRP is a safe and easy method for treating hair loss and has limited adverse effects. Optimization of this method depends on dosage, number of sessions and their intervals, and injection techniques. According to the results, the use of PRP due to its relatively high efficiency, low and tolerable side effects, and low recurrence rate can be a good method for the treatment of alopecia and hair loss.
Keywords: PRP; alopecia; alopecia areata; androgenic alopecia; baldness; cicatricial alopecia; durability; efficacy; follow-up; long-term effects; platelet rich plasma; relapse; safety; systematic review; telogen effluvium.